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How to Wire a Phone Jack
In a networked system, the outlet from the network where one plugs in the phone is referred to as the phone jack. Some jacks come with a number of multi-colored wires. Often, this leads to an uninformed conclusion that the process of installing phone jacks is a complex one. However, it can be pretty easy! This process demands only the availability of a wired telephone network and an ability to match similar colors.
In most some cases, you might find yourself a couple of meters away from the network. After establishing the exact position of the source relative to where you intend to place your phone jack, it is then that you will be able to quantify exactly what you need. This process entails having clear answers on the topography of the room that can or is affecting your connection in any way. Clearly identify the details of all wires going into your house. The first step in this stage is usually locating the service box provided by the telephone company. This box is commonly referred to as the NID (network interphase device). Locating this box is done by following the cables from the point they connect to the roof to the NID. After getting the NID, you can now proceed and connect it to your telephone cable. Then you will have to secure your connection by using staples. The amount of staples used is dictated by where the connections are made. For underground connections, you will require a staple after 30 inches, whereas if the connection is made from the exterior of the house, a staple every 6-8 inches will do. The NID has two terminals. You will realize that only the customer side can be opened by the set of screwdrivers you have. Depending with the model, NIDs have different attachments. Some will demand stripping the wires while some will accept them as they are. The good thing with them is that they will always have some instructions on their doors. The color codes of different colors have some variance between them. The conventional cables normally have two pairs of wires (yellow/black and green/red). Advanced types like the CAT3 and CAT5E have four pairs that eliminate the effects of crosstalk in communication. Before connecting these units, always ensure that about 6” of the sheath in the wires is removed. When you get to the phone jack, carefully study the color codes, and establish a connection just as the wiring diagram instructs. You can also connect another phone jack in a continuous loop connection to the other if you need to add an additional phone to your network. After establishing the connection you need, it is imperative to test this connection. In the event that there is no dial tone, troubleshoot the connection by analyzing the connections and make necessary adjustments if any. These might entail some tightening. If you hear a dial tone, thumbs up—you are good to go!
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